Part of the scapula, forms the roof above the supraspinatus tendon. Often has a hooked configuration that impinges on the supraspinatus tendon.
A condition whereby the ligaments connecting the top of the humerus and the glenoid become inflamed and thickened, leading to a painful tight shoulder.
Inflammation in a joint that often accompanies arthrosis.
Using a pencil-sized camera to visualize and treat problems within a joint.
The loss of articular cartilage so that the underlying bone is exposed.
The smooth covering of the ends of the bones in a joint. An everyday example is the articular cartilage found on the end of the knob of a chicken leg.
A muscle that runs up the front of the humerus and attaches the scapula to the forearm. It has two insertions on the scapula: the short head attaches to the coracoid process and the long head attaches to the top of the glenoid.
A slippery tissue designed to decrease the friction that resides between two moving surfaces. Often becomes inflamed and thickened.
A very painful condition related to degeneration of the rotator cuff tendon. The collagen fibers of the tendon change to a cartilage consistency (metaplasia) which then calcifies. The calcifications create inflammation which causes pain severe enough to make patients end up in the emergency room. The calcium deposits have no relation to dairy intake.
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The collar bone. A cause of superior shoulder pain and the most commonly fractured shoulder bone.
Part of the scapula, insertion point for the short head of the biceps. Can cause impingememt syndrome on the subscapularis tendon.
A powerful muscle originating off the acromion and inserting on the humerus. It supplies the majority of the power in lifting the arm. A good functioning deltoid is necessary to perform a reverse shoulder replacement.
When the top of the humerus comes out of the socket.
Same as Adhesive Capsulitis.
Part of the scapula, forms the socket of the shoulder joint.
The upper arm bone that connects the shoulder blade to the elbow.
The rim of cartilage surrounding the glenoid on which the long head of the biceps tendon attaches as well as the ligaments connecting to the top of the humerus. Tears of the labrum can cause instability.
A surgical procedure where the coracoid process is transferred to the front of the glenoid to prevent the shoulder from dislocating.
A group of four muscles (subscapularis, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and teres minor) that originate off the scapula. Their respective tendons form a cuff of tissue that inserts on the top of the humerus. They rotate the humerus but their primary role is to keep the top of the humerus centered on the glenoid.
The shoulder blade.
When the ligaments connecting the acromion and clavicle are injured.
A tear of the labrum involving the superior aspect of the labrum where the biceps tendon inserts.
Known as scapulothoracic bursitis, this conditions causes a painful crunching sensation in the upper back under the shoulder blade.